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   -> PowerShell -> Windows 8 中的 PowerShell 3.0 -> 正文阅读

[PowerShell]Windows 8 中的 PowerShell 3.0

PowerShell并不是在Windows 8上首次出现,所以,很多IT专业人员、程序员和高级用户都非常熟悉了。在这里重提PowerShell,主要是为了为一些之前没有了解过PowerShell用户,还有对PowerShell 3.0不是特别了解的用户。PowerShell高手可以跳过此文。
Windows 8 惊艳登场,当Metro界面吸引了无数人的眼球时,其实还有很多特性值得关注,如PowerShell 3.0、Hyper-V 3.0、vhdx、IIS 8等。
PowerShell 2.0实践系列从本次开始全面转向3.0,体验一下PowerShell 3.0带来的管理方案提升。
很庆幸PowerGUI Script Editor 可以在Windows 8下安装:官方下载


本系列全部脚本在Windows 8 x64(PowerShell 3.0) + PowerGUI Script Editor 3.0 Free Edition x64 上测试通过
一、PowerShell 3.0概述
如同PowerShell 2.0内置于Windows 7和 Windows Server 2008 R2,在Build大会上发布的Windows 8 Developer Preview 和 Windows Server 8 Developer Preview也内置了PowerShell 3.0。我安装的Windows 8 Developer Preview x64,快捷键Win + R 打开运行,输入powershell即可打开PowerShell 3.0的命令行:


虽然标题栏还是1.0,但是通过全局变量 $host 可以查看具体版本信息:


未安装 Windows 8 的朋友也不必扫兴,微软已经放出了PowerShell 3.0 CTP1的下载,在这里下载:
需要注意的是操作系统必须为Windows 7 SP1 或 Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1,且需要.NET Framework 4.0。


PowerShell 3.0 只是 WMF(Windows Management Framework 3.0,Windows 管理框架)的一部分,WMF 3.0的新特性有:
英文原文
1、PowerShell 3.0
支持 Workflows - 让你可以在命令行就可以操作 Windows Workflow Foundation
更稳定的 Session - 让你的 Session 可以更加适应不稳定的网络、突然停机的系统、随时重新连接
计划任务 - 让你从命令行就可以创建、管理 Windows 计划任务
权限托管 - 让受限的用户可以在特定情况下执行更高权限的脚本
更简化的语法 - 让脚本看起来更像程序或者更像自然语言
Cmdlet 发掘 - 改进的自动模块加载可以让你更容易发掘系统中的各种 Cmdlet
PowerShell ISE插件- 更容易编写脚本命令
2、WMI(Windows Management Instrumentation,Windows管理规范)
新的开发模型提供者 - 新的开发模型降低了管理成本,移除了对COM的依赖
新的管理客户端API – 提供标准的公共信息模型(CIM = Common Information Model)操作,允许在Windows上管理*ninx等非Windows操作系统
附注:
公共信息模型CIM,是一个与具体实现无关的、用于描述管理信息的概念性模型。CIM分为两部分:CIM 规范(CIM Specification)和CIM 模式(CIM Schema)。CIM 规范提供了模型的正式定义,它描述了语言、命名、元模式和到其他管理模型(如SNMP MIB)的映射技术;CIM 模式则给出了实际模型的描述。CIM 模型由核心模型、公共模型和扩展模型三层构成。核心模型是一系列类、连接和属性的集合,该对象组提供了所有管理域通用的基本信息模型;公共模型提供特定管理域的通用信息模型,这些特定的管理域,如系统、应用程序、网络和设备等;扩展模型代表通用模型的特定技术扩展。
通过CIM 建模,能够得到管理域中实体的抽象和表示,包括它们的属性、操作和关系。这样的模型独立于任何具体的数据库、应用、协议以及平台。因此,CIM 模型要求不同开发商所提供的基于不同平台的应用都采用一种标准的格式来描述管理数据,以使数据能够在多种应用间共享。CIM 采用面向对象的方式构建了一种新的适用于管理系统、网络的结构和概念模型。CIM 建模是一种通用方法。特定管理域的CIM 建模是在核心模型和公共模型的基础上进行扩展。
总的来说公共信息模型(CIM)是一个标准,定义了一个前后一致的模型,依据这个模型,网络设备、系统和应用程序能显示有关它们自己的信息,并使这些信息能被管理工具利用CIM能描述诸如桌面软件和硬件配置、CPU 封装块的序列号以及某个特殊路由器端口上的流量水平等信息。
也许CIM有别于以前标准的最重要之处是其表示组成计算机系统或公司网络的不同单元和部件之间关系的能力。DIF主席、Novell的公司设计师Winston Bumpus 称,利用CIM"你能看到这台计算机是否与这个应用 程序连在一起,它是在运行从这台服务器上送出的服务。"他还说,通过跟踪路径和检查一路上每个部件的状态,管理工具就能" 回答我为什么不能送出电子邮件这样的问题了。"
CIMOM 公共信息模型对象管理器(Common Information Model Object Manager)
是一个描述操作系统构成单元的对象数据库,为MMC和脚本程序提供了一个访问操作系统构成单元的公共接口。
3、WinRM(Windows Remote Management,Windows 远程管理)
更稳定的连接 - 更加适应不稳定的网络、突然停机的系统、随时重新连接
更弹性的连接 - 当连接中断后,可以迅速重新连接
4、PowerShell Web服务
支持REST形式的Web服务使用开放式数据协议(Open Data Protocol ,OData)远程执行PowerShell脚本,支持Windows和非Windows客户端。
二、Windows Server 8中的PowerShell 3.0新模块
ADDeploymentWF
AppLocker
Appx
BestPractices
BitsTransfer
BranchCache
CimCmdlets
ClusterAwareUpdating
DirectAccessClientComponents
Dism
DnsClient
DnsConfig
DnsLookup
DnsNrpt
FailoverClusters
FileServer
iSCSI
KdsCmdlets
Microsoft.PowerShell.Core
Microsoft.PowerShell.Diagnostics
Microsoft.PowerShell.Host
Microsoft.PowerShell.Management
Microsoft.PowerShell.Security
Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility
Microsoft.WSMan.Management
MicrosoftiSCSITarget
MsDtc
NetAdapter
NetLbfo
NetQos
NetSwitchTeam
NetTCPIP
netwnv
NetworkConnectivityStatus
NetworkSecurity
NetworkTransition
PKIClient
PrintManagement
PS_MMAgent
PSDiagnostics
PSScheduledJob
PSWorkflow
RDManagement
ScheduledTasks
SecureBoot
ServerManager
ServerManagerShell
SmbShare
SmbWitness
Storage
TelemetryManagement
TroubleshootingPack
TrustedPlatformModule
UserAccessLogging
Wdac
Whea
三、Windows 8 Developer Preview中的PowerShell 3.0的命令与别名
ac
asnp
clc
cli
clp
clv
compare
cpi
cpp
cvpa
dbp
diff
ebp
epal
epcsv
fc
fl
foreach
%
ft
fw
gal
gbp
gc
gci
gcm
gdr
gcs
ghy
gi
gl
gm
gmo
gp
gps
group
gsv
gsnp
gu
gv
gwmi
iex
ihy
ii
ipmo
iwmi
ipal
ipcsv
measure
mi
mp
nal
ndr
ni
nv
nmo
oh
ogv
ise
rbp
rdr
ri
rni
rnp
rp
rmo
rsnp
rv
rwmi
rvpa
sal
sasv
sbp
sc
select
si
sl
swmi
sleep
sort
sp
saps
start
spps
spsv
sv
tee
where
?
write
rcsn
cnsn
dnsn
irm
iwr
cat
cd
clear
cp
h
history
kill
lp
ls
man
mount
md
mv
popd
ps
pushd
pwd
r
rm
rmdir
echo
cls
chdir
copy
del
dir
erase
move
rd
ren
set
type
icm
clhy
gjb
rcjb
rjb
sajb
spjb
wjb
sujb
rujb
nsn
gsn
rsn
ipsn
epsn
etsn
exsn
sls
Add-History
Add-PSSnapin
Clear-History
Connect-PSSession
Disable-PSRemoting
Disable-PSSessionConfiguration
Disconnect-PSSession
Enable-PSRemoting
Enable-PSSessionConfiguration
Enter-PSSession
Exit-PSSession
Export-Console
Export-ModuleMember
ForEach-Object
Get-Command
Get-Help
Get-History
Get-Job
Get-Module
Get-PSSession
Get-PSSessionConfiguration
Get-PSSnapin
Import-Module
Invoke-Command
Invoke-History
New-Module
New-ModuleManifest
New-PSSession
New-PSSessionConfigurationFile
New-PSSessionOption
New-PSTransportOption
Out-Default
Out-Host
Out-Null
Receive-Job
Receive-PSSession
Register-JobEvent
Register-PSSessionConfiguration
Remove-Job
Remove-Module
Remove-PSSession
Remove-PSSnapin
Resume-Job
Save-Help
Set-PSDebug
Set-PSSessionConfiguration
Set-StrictMode
Start-Job
Stop-Job
Suspend-Job
Test-ModuleManifest
Test-PSSessionConfigurationFile
Unregister-PSSessionConfiguration
Update-Help
Wait-Job
Where-Object
Add-Computer
Add-Content
Checkpoint-Computer
Clear-Content
Clear-EventLog
Clear-Item
Clear-ItemProperty
Complete-Transaction
Convert-Path
Copy-Item
Copy-ItemProperty
Debug-Process
Disable-ComputerRestore
Enable-ComputerRestore
Export-CimCommand
Get-ChildItem
Get-ComputerRestorePoint
Get-Content
Get-ControlPanelItem
Get-EventLog
Get-HotFix
Get-Item
Get-ItemProperty
Get-Location
Get-Process
Get-PSDrive
Get-PSProvider
Get-Service
Get-Transaction
Get-WmiObject
Invoke-Item
Invoke-WmiMethod
Join-Path
Limit-EventLog
Move-Item
Move-ItemProperty
New-EventLog
New-Item
New-ItemProperty
New-PSDrive
New-Service
New-WebServiceProxy
Pop-Location
Push-Location
Register-WmiEvent
Remove-Computer
Remove-EventLog
Remove-Item
Remove-ItemProperty
Remove-PSDrive
Remove-WmiObject
Rename-Computer
Rename-Item
Rename-ItemProperty
Reset-ComputerMachinePassword
Resolve-Path
Restart-Computer
Restart-Service
Restore-Computer
Resume-Service
Set-Content
Set-Item
Set-ItemProperty
Set-Location
Set-Service
Set-WmiInstance
Show-ControlPanelItem
Show-EventLog
Split-Path
Start-Process
Start-Service
Start-Transaction
Stop-Computer
Stop-Process
Stop-Service
Suspend-Service
Test-ComputerSecureChannel
Test-Connection
Test-Path
Undo-Transaction
Use-Transaction
Wait-Process
Write-EventLog
Add-Member
Add-Type
Clear-Variable
Compare-Object
ConvertFrom-Csv
ConvertFrom-Json
ConvertFrom-StringData
ConvertTo-Csv
ConvertTo-Html
ConvertTo-Json
ConvertTo-Xml
Disable-PSBreakpoint
Enable-PSBreakpoint
Export-Alias
Export-Clixml
Export-Csv
Export-FormatData
Export-PSSession
Format-Custom
Format-List
Format-Table
Format-Wide
Get-Alias
Get-Culture
Get-Date
Get-Event
Get-EventSubscriber
Get-FormatData
Get-Host
Get-Member
Get-PSBreakpoint
Get-PSCallStack
Get-Random
Get-TraceSource
Get-TypeData
Get-UICulture
Get-Unique
Get-Variable
Group-Object
Import-Alias
Import-Clixml
Import-Csv
Import-LocalizedData
Import-PSSession
Invoke-Expression
Invoke-RestMethod
Invoke-WebRequest
Measure-Command
Measure-Object
New-Alias
New-Event
New-Object
New-TimeSpan
New-Variable
Out-File
Out-GridView
Out-Printer
Out-String
Read-Host
Register-EngineEvent
Register-ObjectEvent
Remove-Event
Remove-PSBreakpoint
Remove-TypeData
Remove-Variable
Select-Object
Select-String
Select-Xml
Send-MailMessage
Set-Alias
Set-Date
Set-PSBreakpoint
Set-TraceSource
Set-Variable
Show-Command
Sort-Object
Start-Sleep
Tee-Object
Trace-Command
Unblock-File
Unregister-Event
Update-FormatData
Update-List
Update-TypeData
Wait-Event
Write-Debug
Write-Error
Write-Host
Write-Output
Write-Progress
Write-Verbose
Write-Warning
Set-AppLockerPolicy
Get-AppLockerPolicy
Test-AppLockerPolicy
Get-AppLockerFileInformation
New-AppLockerPolicy
Add-BitsFile
Remove-BitsTransfer
Complete-BitsTransfer
Get-BitsTransfer
Start-BitsTransfer
Resume-BitsTransfer
Set-BitsTransfer
Suspend-BitsTransfer
Get-CimInstance
Get-CimSession
New-CimSession
New-CimSessionOption
Remove-CimSession
Get-CimAssociatedInstance
Get-CimClass
Invoke-CimMethod
New-CimInstance
Register-CimIndicationEvent
Remove-CimInstance
Set-CimInstance
Resolve-DnsName
Resolve-DnsName
Get-KdsRootKey
Add-KdsRootKey
Test-KdsRootKey
Get-KdsConfiguration
Set-KdsConfiguration
Clear-KdsCache
Get-WinEvent
Get-Counter
Import-Counter
Export-Counter
New-WinEvent
Start-Transcript
Stop-Transcript
Get-Acl
Set-Acl
Get-PfxCertificate
Get-Credential
Get-ExecutionPolicy
Set-ExecutionPolicy
Get-AuthenticodeSignature
Set-AuthenticodeSignature
ConvertFrom-SecureString
ConvertTo-SecureString
Disable-WSManCredSSP
Enable-WSManCredSSP
Get-WSManCredSSP
Set-WSManQuickConfig
Test-WSMan
Invoke-WSManAction
Connect-WSMan
Disconnect-WSMan
Get-WSManInstance
Set-WSManInstance
Remove-WSManInstance
New-WSManInstance
New-WSManSessionOption
New-DtcDiagnosticTransaction
Complete-DtcDiagnosticTransaction
Join-DtcDiagnosticResourceManager
Receive-DtcDiagnosticTransaction
Send-DtcDiagnosticTransaction
Start-DtcDiagnosticResourceManager
Stop-DtcDiagnosticResourceManager
Undo-DtcDiagnosticTransaction
New-NetAuthenticationProposal
New-NetMainModeCryptoProposal
New-NetQuickModeCryptoProposal
Get-DAPolicyChange
Get-AutoEnrollmentPolicy
Set-AutoEnrollmentPolicy
Export-Certificate
Import-Certificate
Get-Certificate
Switch-Certificate
Import-PfxCertificate
Export-PfxCertificate
Test-Certificate
New-CertificateNotificationTask
Get-CertificateNotificationTask
Remove-CertificateNotificationTask
Add-EnrollmentPolicyServer
Get-EnrollmentPolicyServer
Remove-EnrollmentPolicyServer
New-SelfSignedCertificate
Get-PfxData
New-JobTrigger
Add-JobTrigger
Remove-JobTrigger
Get-JobTrigger
Set-JobTrigger
Enable-JobTrigger
Disable-JobTrigger
New-ScheduledJobOption
Get-ScheduledJobOption
Set-ScheduledJobOption
Register-ScheduledJob
Get-ScheduledJob
Set-ScheduledJob
Unregister-ScheduledJob
Enable-ScheduledJob
Disable-ScheduledJob
Import-PSWorkflow
New-PSWorkflowExecutionOption
New-JobTrigger
Add-JobTrigger
Remove-JobTrigger
Get-JobTrigger
Set-JobTrigger
Enable-JobTrigger
Disable-JobTrigger
New-ScheduledJobOption
Get-ScheduledJobOption
Set-ScheduledJobOption
Register-ScheduledJob
Get-ScheduledJob
Set-ScheduledJob
Unregister-ScheduledJob
Enable-ScheduledJob
Disable-ScheduledJob
Confirm-SecureBootUEFI
Set-SecureBootUEFI
Get-SecureBootUEFI
Format-SecureBootUEFI
Test-SecureBootPolicy
Repair-SecureBootPolicy
ConvertFrom-SecureBootPolicy
Install-SecureBootPolicy
Get-TroubleshootingPack
Invoke-TroubleshootingPack
Get-Tpm
Initialize-Tpm
Clear-Tpm
Unblock-Tpm
Enable-TpmAutoProvisioning
Disable-TpmAutoProvisioning
Import-TpmOwnerAuth
Set-TpmOwnerAuth
ConvertTo-TpmOwnerAuth
四、PowerShell 3.0基础命令快速参考
Connect-PSSession
ConvertFrom-Json
ConvertTo-Json
Disable-PSRemoting
Disconnect-PSSession
Export-CimCommand
Get-ControlPanelItem
Get-TypeData
Invoke-RestMethod
Invoke-WebRequest
New-PSSessionConfigurationFile
New-PSTransportOption
New-WinEvent
Receive-PSSession
Register-JobEvent
Remove-TypeData
Rename-Computer
Resume-Job
Save-Help
Show-Command
Show-ControlPanelItem
Suspend-Job
Test-PSSessionConfigurationFile
Unblock-File
Update-Help
Connect-PSSession ALIASES cnsn
SYNTAX
Connect-PSSession [-ComputerName] <string[]> [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Authentication
<AuthenticationMechanism> {Default | Basic | Negotiate | NegotiateWithImplicitCredential | Credssp | Digest |
Kerberos}] [-CertificateThumbprint <string>] [-Port <int>] [-UseSSL] [-SessionOption <PSSessionOption>]
[-ThrottleLimit <int>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Connect-PSSession [-Session] <PSSession[]> [-SessionOption <PSSessionOption>] [-ThrottleLimit <int>] [-WhatIf]
[-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Connect-PSSession [-ComputerName] <string[]> -InstanceId <Guid[]> [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Authentication
<AuthenticationMechanism> {Default | Basic | Negotiate | NegotiateWithImplicitCredential | Credssp | Digest |
Kerberos}] [-CertificateThumbprint <string>] [-Port <int>] [-UseSSL] [-SessionOption <PSSessionOption>]
[-ThrottleLimit <int>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Connect-PSSession [-ComputerName] <string[]> -Name <string[]> [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Authentication
<AuthenticationMechanism> {Default | Basic | Negotiate | NegotiateWithImplicitCredential | Credssp | Digest |
Kerberos}] [-CertificateThumbprint <string>] [-Port <int>] [-UseSSL] [-SessionOption <PSSessionOption>]
[-ThrottleLimit <int>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Connect-PSSession [-Id] <int[]> [-SessionOption <PSSessionOption>] [-ThrottleLimit <int>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm]
[<CommonParameters>]
ConvertFrom-Json ALIASES None
SYNTAX
ConvertFrom-Json [-InputObject] <string> [<CommonParameters>]
ConvertTo-Json ALIASES None
SYNTAX
ConvertTo-Json [-InputObject] <Object> [-Depth <int>] [-Compress] [<CommonParameters>]
Disable-PSRemoting ALIASES None
SYNTAX
Disable-PSRemoting [-Force] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Disconnect-PSSession ALIASES dnsn
SYNTAX
Disconnect-PSSession [-Session] <PSSession[]> [[-SessionOption] <PSSessionOption>] [[-ThrottleLimit] <int>]
[-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Disconnect-PSSession [[-SessionOption] <PSSessionOption>] [[-ThrottleLimit] <int>] [-InstanceId <Guid[]>]
[-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Disconnect-PSSession [[-ComputerName] <string[]>] [[-SessionOption] <PSSessionOption>] [[-ThrottleLimit] <int>]
[-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Disconnect-PSSession [[-SessionOption] <PSSessionOption>] [[-ThrottleLimit] <int>] [-Name <string[]>] [-WhatIf]
[-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Disconnect-PSSession [-Id] <int[]> [[-SessionOption] <PSSessionOption>] [[-ThrottleLimit] <int>] [-WhatIf]
[-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Export-CimCommand ALIASES None
SYNTAX
Export-CimCommand [-CmdletDefinitionPath] <string> [-OutputModule <string>] [-Force] [-Encoding <string>]
[-TypesPath <string>] [-FormatPath <string>] [-HelpPath <string>] [-UseOldSystemManagementApi] [<CommonParameters>]
Get-ControlPanelItem ALIASES None
SYNTAX
Get-ControlPanelItem [[-Name] <string[]>] [-Category <string[]>] [<CommonParameters>]
Get-ControlPanelItem -CanonicalName <string[]> [-Category <string[]>] [<CommonParameters>]
Get-TypeData ALIASES None
SYNTAX
Get-TypeData [[-TypeName] <string[]>] [<CommonParameters>]
Invoke-RestMethod ALIASES irm
SYNTAX
Invoke-RestMethod [-Uri] <Uri> [-Method <WebRequestMethod> {Default | Get | Head | Post | Put | Delete | Trace |
Options}] [-ReturnType <RestReturnType> {Detect | Json | Xml}] [-Session <WebRequestSession>] [-SessionVariable
<string>] [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-UseDefaultCredentials] [-CertificateThumbprint <string>] [-Certificate
<X509Certificate>] [-UserAgent <string>] [-DisableKeepAlive] [-Timeout <int>] [-Headers <IDictionary>]
[-MaximumRedirection <int>] [-Proxy <Uri>] [-ProxyCredential <PSCredential>] [-ProxyUseDefaultCredentials] [-Body
<Object>] [-ContentType <string>] [-TransferEncoding <string>] [-InFile <string>] [-OutFile <string>] [-PassThru]
[<CommonParameters>]
Invoke-WebRequest ALIASES iwr
SYNTAX
Invoke-WebRequest [-Uri] <Uri> [-UseBasicParsing] [-Session <WebRequestSession>] [-SessionVariable <string>]
[-Credential <PSCredential>] [-UseDefaultCredentials] [-CertificateThumbprint <string>] [-Certificate
<X509Certificate>] [-UserAgent <string>] [-DisableKeepAlive] [-Timeout <int>] [-Headers <IDictionary>]
[-MaximumRedirection <int>] [-Method <WebRequestMethod> {Default | Get | Head | Post | Put | Delete | Trace |
Options}] [-Proxy <Uri>] [-ProxyCredential <PSCredential>] [-ProxyUseDefaultCredentials] [-Body <Object>]
[-ContentType <string>] [-TransferEncoding <string>] [-InFile <string>] [-OutFile <string>] [-PassThru]
[<CommonParameters>]
New-PSSessionConfigurationFile ALIASES NONE
SYNTAX
New-PSSessionConfigurationFile [-Path] <string> [-SchemaVersion <Version>] [-Guid <Guid>] [-Author <string>]
[-CompanyName <string>] [-Copyright <string>] [-Description <string>] [-PowerShellVersion <Version>] [-SessionType
<SessionType> {Empty | RestrictedRemoteServer | Default}] [-ModulesToImport <string[]>] [-AssembliesToLoad
<string[]>] [-VisibleAliases <string[]>] [-VisibleCmdlets <string[]>] [-VisibleFunctions <string[]>]
[-VisibleProviders <string[]>] [-VisibleVariables <string[]>] [-AliasDefinitions <hashtable[]>]
[-FunctionDefinitions <hashtable[]>] [-VariableDefinitions <hashtable[]>] [-EnvironmentVariables <Object>]
[-TypesToProcess <string[]>] [-FormatsToProcess <string[]>] [-LanguageMode <PSLanguageMode> {FullLanguage |
RestrictedLanguage | NoLanguage}] [-ExecutionPolicy <ExecutionPolicy> {Unrestricted | RemoteSigned | AllSigned |
Restricted | Default | Bypass | Undefined}] [-ScriptsToProcess <string[]>] [<CommonParameters>]
New-PSTransportOption
SYNTAX
New-PSTransportOption [-MaxIdleTimeout <int>] [-ProcessIdleTimeout <int>] [-MaxSessions <int>]
[-MaxConcurrentCommandsPerSession <int>] [-ReservedConcurrentCommandsPerSession <int>] [-MaxSessionsPerUser <int>]
[-MaxMemoryPerSessionMB <int>] [-MaxProcessesPerSession <int>] [-MaxConcurrentUsers <int>] [-IdleTimeout <int>]
[-OutputBufferingMode <OutputBufferingMode>] [<CommonParameters>]
New-WinEvent
SYNTAX
New-WinEvent [-ProviderName] <string> [-Id] <int> [[-Payload] <Object[]>] [-Version <byte>] [-Force]
[<CommonParameters>]
Receive-PSSession ALIASES rcsn
SYNTAX
Receive-PSSession [-Session] <PSSession> [-OutTarget <OutTarget> {Default | Host | Job}] [-JobName <string>]
[-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Receive-PSSession [[-Id] <int>] [-OutTarget <OutTarget> {Default | Host | Job}] [-JobName <string>] [-WhatIf]
[-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Receive-PSSession [[-ComputerName] <string>] [-Name <string>] [-OutTarget <OutTarget> {Default | Host | Job}]
[-JobName <string>] [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Authentication <AuthenticationMechanism> {Default | Basic |
Negotiate | NegotiateWithImplicitCredential | Credssp | Digest | Kerberos}] [-CertificateThumbprint <string>]
[-Port <int>] [-UseSSL] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Receive-PSSession [[-ComputerName] <string>] [[-InstanceId] <Guid>] [-OutTarget <OutTarget> {Default | Host |
Job}] [-JobName <string>] [-Credential <PSCredential>] [-Authentication <AuthenticationMechanism> {Default | Basic
| Negotiate | NegotiateWithImplicitCredential | Credssp | Digest | Kerberos}] [-CertificateThumbprint <string>]
[-Port <int>] [-UseSSL] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Receive-PSSession [[-InstanceId] <Guid>] [-OutTarget <OutTarget> {Default | Host | Job}] [-JobName <string>]
[-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Receive-PSSession [-Name <string>] [-OutTarget <OutTarget> {Default | Host | Job}] [-JobName <string>] [-WhatIf]
[-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Register-JobEvent
SYNTAX
Register-JobEvent [-InputJobObject] <Job> [-EventName] <string> [[-SourceIdentifier] <string>] [[-Action]
<scriptblock>] [-MessageData <psobject>] [-SupportEvent] [-Forward] [<CommonParameters>]
Remove-TypeData
SYNTAX
Remove-TypeData -TypeData <TypeData> [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Remove-TypeData [-TypeName] <string> [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Remove-TypeData [-Path <string[]>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Rename-Computer
SYNTAX
Rename-Computer [-NewName] <string> [-ComputerName <string>] [-PassThru] [-DomainCredential <PSCredential>]
[-LocalCredential <PSCredential>] [-Force] [-Restart] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Resume-Job ALIASES rujb
SYNTAX
Resume-Job [-Id] <int[]> [-PassThru] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Resume-Job [-Job] <Job[]> [-PassThru] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Resume-Job [[-Name] <string[]>] [-PassThru] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Resume-Job [[-InstanceId] <Guid[]>] [-PassThru] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Resume-Job [-PassThru] [-State <JobState> {NotStarted | Running | Completed | Failed | Stopped | Blocked |
Suspended | Disconnected | Suspending | Stopping}] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Resume-Job [-PassThru] [-Filter <hashtable>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Save-Help
SYNTAX
Save-Help [[-DestinationPath] <string[]>] [[-UICulture] <string[]>] [-Force] [<CommonParameters>]
Save-Help [[-DestinationPath] <string[]>] [[-InputObject] <psmoduleinfo[]>] [[-UICulture] <string[]>]
[-LiteralPath <string[]>] [-Force] [<CommonParameters>]
Save-Help [[-DestinationPath] <string[]>] [[-Module] <string[]>] [[-UICulture] <string[]>] [-LiteralPath
<string[]>] [-Force] [<CommonParameters>]
Save-Help [[-UICulture] <string[]>] [-LiteralPath <string[]>] [-Force] [<CommonParameters>]
Show-Command
SYNTAX
Show-Command [[-Name] <string>] [-Height <double>] [-Width <double>] [-NoCommonParameter] [-NoErrorPopup]
[<CommonParameters>]
Show-ControlPanelItem
SYNTAX
Show-ControlPanelItem [-Name] <string[]> [<CommonParameters>]
Show-ControlPanelItem -CanonicalName <string[]> [<CommonParameters>]
Show-ControlPanelItem [[-InputObject] <ControlPanelItem[]>] [<CommonParameters>]<strong></strong>
Suspend-Job ALIASES sujb
SYNTAX
Suspend-Job [-Id] <int[]> [-PassThru] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Suspend-Job [-Job] <Job[]> [-PassThru] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Suspend-Job [[-Name] <string[]>] [-PassThru] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Suspend-Job [[-InstanceId] <Guid[]>] [-PassThru] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Suspend-Job [-PassThru] [-State <JobState> {NotStarted | Running | Completed | Failed | Stopped | Blocked |
Suspended | Disconnected | Suspending | Stopping}] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Suspend-Job [-PassThru] [-Filter <hashtable>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Test-PSSessionConfigurationFile
SYNTAX
Test-PSSessionConfigurationFile [-Path] <string> [<CommonParameters>]
Unblock-File
SYNTAX
Unblock-File [-Path] <string[]> [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Unblock-File [-LiteralPath] <string[]> [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]
Update-Help
SYNTAX
Update-Help [[-SourcePath] <string[]>] [[-UICulture] <string[]>] [-LiteralPath <string[]>] [-Recurse] [-Force]
[<CommonParameters>]
Update-Help [[-Module] <string[]>] [[-SourcePath] <string[]>] [[-UICulture] <string[]>] [-LiteralPath <string[]>]
[-Recurse] [-Force] [<CommonParameters>]
Update-Help [[-InputObject] <psmoduleinfo[]>] [[-SourcePath] <string[]>] [[-UICulture] <string[]>] [-LiteralPath
<string[]>] [-Recurse] [-Force] [<CommonParameters>]
五、最后写几个命令
查看目前加载的所有模块:Get-Module –All


查看ScheduledTasks模块包含的所有命令:Get-Command –Module ScheduledTasks


小结:
Windows 8包含的PowerShell 3.0进行了很大的更新,尤其在Windows Server 8中,几乎所有的管理工作都可以使用PowerShell来完成,甚至一部分管理只能用PowerShell。后续篇章会继续在Windows 8中测试PowerShell 3.0,体验企业级的自动化管理任务。
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加:2016-11-09 22:57:46  更:2017-05-14 02:11:17 
 
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