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   -> PowerShell -> PowerShell 自动备份oracle并上传到ftp -> 正文阅读

[PowerShell]PowerShell 自动备份oracle并上传到ftp

我这里有这样一个需求:有一个数据库,每天使用SQL Server Agent自动生成备份文件。然后,这个数据库非常重要,需要把每天的备份上传一个远程的FTP服务器上去。下面我们来看看如何使用Powershell来实现吧
一.windows平台
1.rman自动备份方法

# Author: Edward.Zhou -- <edgeman_03@163.com>
# Purpose: Windows平台下采用PowerShell使用rman自动备份oracle并上传备份到ftp,并根据日期自动保留所需备份
# Created: 2015/8/12
 
$env:ORACLE_SID="orcl"
$env:NLS_LANG="AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8"
 
$NOWDATE=Get-Date -UFormat %Y_%m_%d
$NOWDATE1=Get-Date -UFormat %Y%m%d
$NOWTIME=Get-Date -UFormat %Y%m%d%H%M%S
$OLDDATE=((Get-Date).AddDays(-2)).ToString('yyyyMMdd')
$FTPOLDDATE=((Get-Date).AddDays(-2)).ToString('yyyy_MM_dd')
 
#建立备份目录基本环境
$BACKUPDIR="c:\bak\rman"
 
if ((Test-Path -Path $BACKUPDIR) -eq $false) {
  New-Item -Type directory -Path $BACKUPDIR
}
 
#rman备份
 
Write-Output "
run
{
allocate channel d1 type disk;
allocate channel d2 type disk;
allocate channel d3 type disk;
crosscheck backup;
sql 'alter system archive log current';
backup as compressed backupset full tag '$env:COMPUTERNAME-$env:ORACLE_SID-$NOWDATE' database format '$BACKUPDIR\db_%d_%T_%s';
sql 'alter system archive log current';
backup as compressed backupset archivelog all tag '$env:COMPUTERNAME-$env:ORACLE_SID-$NOWDATE' format '$BACKUPDIR\arch_%d_%T_%s' delete all input;
backup as compressed backupset current controlfile tag '$env:COMPUTERNAME-$env:ORACLE_SID-$NOWDATE' format '$BACKUPDIR\con_%d_%T_%s';
crosscheck archivelog all;
delete noprompt expired backup;
delete noprompt expired archivelog all;
delete noprompt obsolete;
release channel d1;
release channel d2;
release channel d3;
}
" | Out-File -Encoding Default -Force -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\rmanbak.txt 
 
rman target / cmdfile="$BACKUPDIR\rmanbak.txt" log="$BACKUPDIR\$env:COMPUTERNAME-$env:ORACLE_SID-rmanbak-$NOWTIME.log"
Remove-Item -Force -Path $BACKUPDIR\rmanbak.txt
Remove-Item -Force -Path $BACKUPDIR\* -Include *$OLDDATE* -Recurse
 
 
#上传备份至FTP方法一
Import-Module PSFTP
$FTP_HOST="1.1.1.1"
$FTP_USERNAME="backup"
$FTP_PASSWORD=ConvertTo-SecureString "backup" -AsPlainText -Force
$Credentials=New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential($FTP_USERNAME,$FTP_PASSWORD)
Set-FTPConnection -Credentials $Credentials -Server ftp://$FTP_HOST -Session rmanbakSession -UsePassive -UseBinary -KeepAlive -ignoreCert
$Session=Get-FTPConnection -Session rmanbakSession
 
if ($Session -eq $null) {
  Set-FTPConnection -Credentials $Credentials -Server ftp://$FTP_HOST -Session rmanbakSession -UsePassive -UseBinary -KeepAlive -ignoreCert
}
if ((Get-FTPChildItem -Session $Session -Path / -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Filter rmanbak) -eq $null) {
  New-FTPItem -Session $Session -Path / -Name "rmanbak"
}
if ((Get-FTPChildItem -Session $Session -Path /rmanbak -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Filter $env:COMPUTERNAME) -eq $null) {
  New-FTPItem -Session $Session -Path /rmanbak -Name $env:COMPUTERNAME
}
if ((Get-FTPChildItem -Session $Session -Path /rmanbak/$env:COMPUTERNAME -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Filter $NOWDATE) -eq $null) {
  New-FTPItem -Session $Session -Path /rmanbak/$env:COMPUTERNAME -Name $NOWDATE
}
foreach($Filename in (Get-ChildItem -Path $BACKUPDIR -Recurse -Filter *$NOWDATE1*))
  {
    Add-FTPItem -Session $Session -Overwrite -BufferSize 102400 -Path /rmanbak/$env:COMPUTERNAME/$NOWDATE -LocalPath $BACKUPDIR\$Filename
  }
if ((Get-FTPChildItem -Session $Session -Path /rmanbak/$env:COMPUTERNAME -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Filter $FTPOLDDATE) -ne $null) {
  Remove-FTPItem -Path /rmanbak/$Env:COMPUTERNAME/$FTPOLDDATE -Session $Session -Recurse
}
 
#上传备份至FTP方法二
#$FTP_HOST="1.1.1.1"
#$FTP_USERNAME="backup"
#$FTP_PASSWORD="backup"
#
#Set-Location -Path $BACKUPDIR
#
#Write-Output "open $FTP_HOST
#user $FTP_USERNAME $FTP_PASSWORD
#bin
#mkdir rmanbak
#cd rmanbak
#mkdir $Env:COMPUTERNAME
#cd $Env:COMPUTERNAME
#mkdir $NOWDATE
#cd $NOWDATE
#lcd $NOWDATE
#mput *
#cd ..\$FTPOLDDATE
#mdelete *
#cd ..
#rmdir $FTPOLDDATE
#bye" | Out-File -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#ftp -i -n -v -s:$BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#Remove-Item -Force -Path $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg


2.exp自动备份方法

# Author: Edward.Zhou -- <edgeman_03@163.com>
# Purpose: Windows平台下采用PowerShell使用exp自动备份oracle并上传备份到ftp,并根据日期自动保留所需备份
# Created: 2015/8/8
 
$env:ORACLE_SID="orcl"
$env:NLS_LANG="AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8"
 
$NOWDATE=Get-Date -UFormat %Y_%m_%d
$NOWTIME=Get-Date -UFormat %Y%m%d%H%M%S
$OLDDATE=((Get-Date).AddDays(-1)).ToString('yyyy_MM_dd')
$FTPOLDDATE=((Get-Date).AddDays(-7)).ToString('yyyy_MM_dd')
 
#建立备份目录基本环境
$BACKUPDIR="d:\bak\dmp"
 
if ((Test-Path -Path $BACKUPDIR) -eq $false) {
  New-Item -Type directory -Path $BACKUPDIR
}
if ((Test-Path -Path $BACKUPDIR\$NOWDATE) -eq $false) {
  New-Item -Type directory -Path $BACKUPDIR\$NOWDATE
}
if ((Test-Path -Path $BACKUPDIR\$OLDDATE) -eq $true) {
  Remove-Item -Recurse -Force -Path $BACKUPDIR\$OLDDATE
}
 
#exp备份
$USERNAME="system"
$PASSWORD="system"
 
exp $USERNAME/$PASSWORD file=$BACKUPDIR\$NOWDATE\$env:COMPUTERNAME-$env:ORACLE_SID-fullbackup_$NOWTIME.dmp log=$BACKUPDIR\$NOWDATE\$env:COMPUTERNAME-$env:ORACLE_SID-fullbackup_$NOWTIME.log full=y direct=y consistent=y buffer=102400
 
#上传备份至FTP方法一
Import-Module PSFTP
$FTP_HOST="1.1.1.1"
$FTP_USERNAME="backup"
$FTP_PASSWORD=ConvertTo-SecureString "backup" -AsPlainText -Force
$Credentials=New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential($FTP_USERNAME,$FTP_PASSWORD)
Set-FTPConnection -Credentials $Credentials -Server ftp://$FTP_HOST -Session oradmpSession -UsePassive -UseBinary -KeepAlive -ignoreCert
$Session=Get-FTPConnection -Session oradmpSession
 
if ($Session -eq $null) {
  Set-FTPConnection -Credentials $Credentials -Server ftp://$FTP_HOST -Session oradmpSession -UsePassive -UseBinary -KeepAlive -ignoreCert
}
if ((Get-FTPChildItem -Session $Session -Path / -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Filter oradmp) -eq $null) {
  New-FTPItem -Session $Session -Path / -Name "oradmp"
}
if ((Get-FTPChildItem -Session $Session -Path /oradmp -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Filter $env:COMPUTERNAME) -eq $null) {
  New-FTPItem -Session $Session -Path /oradmp -Name $env:COMPUTERNAME
}
if ((Get-FTPChildItem -Session $Session -Path /oradmp/$env:COMPUTERNAME -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Filter $NOWDATE) -eq $null) {
  New-FTPItem -Session $Session -Path /oradmp/$env:COMPUTERNAME -Name $NOWDATE
}
foreach($Filename in (Get-ChildItem -Path $BACKUPDIR\$NOWDATE -Recurse))
  {
    Add-FTPItem -Session $Session -Overwrite -BufferSize 102400 -Path /oradmp/$env:COMPUTERNAME/$NOWDATE -LocalPath $BACKUPDIR\$NOWDATE\$Filename
  }
if ((Get-FTPChildItem -Session $Session -Path /oradmp/$env:COMPUTERNAME -ErrorAction SilentlyContinue -Filter $FTPOLDDATE) -ne $null) {
  Remove-FTPItem -Path /oradmp/$Env:COMPUTERNAME/$FTPOLDDATE -Session $Session -Recurse
}
 
#上传备份至FTP方法二
#$FTP_HOST="1.1.1.1"
#$FTP_USERNAME="backup"
#$FTP_PASSWORD="backup"
#
#Set-Location -Path $BACKUPDIR
#
#Write-Output "open $FTP_HOST" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "user $FTP_USERNAME $FTP_PASSWORD" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "bin" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "mkdir oradmp" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "cd oradmp" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "mkdir $Env:COMPUTERNAME" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "cd $Env:COMPUTERNAME" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "mkdir $NOWDATE" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "cd $NOWDATE" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "lcd $NOWDATE" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg 
#Write-Output "mput *" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#Write-Output "cd ..\$FTPOLDDATE" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#Write-Output "mdelete *" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#Write-Output "cd .." | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#Write-Output "rmdir $FTPOLDDATE" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#Write-Output "bye" | Out-File -Append -Force -Encoding Default -FilePath $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#ftp -i -n -v -s:$BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg
#Remove-Item -Force -Path $BACKUPDIR\ftp.cfg


二.Unix平台

#!/bin/ksh
# Author: Edward.Zhou -- <edgeman_03@163.com>
# Purpose: 使用exp自动备份oracle并上传数据到ftp
# Created: 2015/8/8
 
source ~/.profile
export ORACLE_SID=odb1
export NLS_LANG=AMERICAN_AMERICA.ZHS16GBK
HOSTNAME=`hostname -s`
NOWDATE=`date +%Y_%m_%d`
NOWTIME=`date +%Y%m%d%H%M%S`
OLDDATE=`date +%Y_%m_%d -d '-1 days'`
FTPOLDDATE=`date +%Y_%m_%d -d '-7 days'`
 
#建议备份基本目录环境
BACKUPDIR=/tmp/dmp
[ -d ${BACKUPDIR} ] || mkdir -p ${BACKUPDIR}
[ -d ${BACKUPDIR}/${NOWDATE} ] || mkdir -p ${BACKUPDIR}/${NOWDATE}
[ ! -d ${BACKUPDIR}/${OLDDATE} ] || rm -fr ${BACKUPDIR}/${OLDDATE}
 
#创建PIPE管道
[ -p /tmp/exp.pipe ] || mknod /tmp/exp.pipe p
# if [ ! -p /tmp/exp.pipe ];then
  # mknod /tmp/exp.pipe
# fi
 
#exp备份
USERNAME=backup
PASSWORD=backup
 
# echo ${BACKUPDIR}/${NOWDATE}/${HOSTNAME}-${ORACLE_SID}-fullbackup_${NOWTIME}.dmp
bzip2 -9 < /tmp/exp.pipe > ${BACKUPDIR}/${NOWDATE}/${HOSTNAME}-${ORACLE_SID}-fullbackup_${NOWTIME}.dmp.bz2 &
exp ${USERNAME}/${PASSWORD} file=/tmp/exp.pipe log=${BACKUPDIR}/${NOWDATE}/${HOSTNAME}-${ORACLE_SID}-fullbackup_${NOWTIME}.log full=y direct=y consistent=y buffer=102400
 
#上传备份至FTP
HOST=1.1.1.1
FTP_USERNAME=backup
FTP_PASSWORD=backup
 
cd ${BACKUPDIR}
 
ftp -i -n -v <<EOF
open ${HOST}
user ${FTP_USERNAME} ${FTP_PASSWORD}
bin
mkdir oradmp
cd oradmp
mkdir ${HOSTNAME}
cd ${HOSTNAME}
mkdir ${NOWDATE}
cd ${NOWDATE}
lcd ${NOWDATE}
mput *
cd ..
cd ${FTPOLDDATE}
mdelete .
cd ..
rmdir ${FTPOLDDATE}
bye
EOF
 
#清除临时文件
rm -fr /tmp/exp.pipe

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